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Whites Directory 1842 - Barton-upon-Humber - North Lincolnshire

Barton on Humber, an extract from Whites Gazeteer and directory of Lincolnshire 1842

Entry From Whites Gazeteer and directory for 1842

BARTON-upon HUMBER is a neat and well built market town, pleasantly situated on gently rising ground, near the south shore of the river Humber, where there is an ancient and much frequented ferry by steam and sailing packets to and from Hull, several times a day, the distance between the two places being about six miles; and here is also a ferry across the river to Hessle, on the opposite shore. Barton is about half a mile from the large Inn at the ferry, 6 miles S.W. of Hull, 34 miles N. by E. of Lincoln, and 167 miles N. of London. It is one of the polling places for the Parts of Lindsey, and is in two parishes, -St. Mary's and St. Peter's, which contain 6740 acres of land and had only 1709 inhabitants in 1801; but in 1811, they had increased to 2204; in 1821, to 2496; in 1831 to 3233; and in 1841, to 3466. The number of houses in 1841 was 1226, of which 39 were empty when the census was taken. The town has been much improved during the last ten years; and has many neat modern houses, and several broad butirregularly built streets: Its market held every Monday, is well supplied with corn and provisions, and once a fortnight it is a great cattle mart. Here is also an annual fair on Trinity Thursday for cattle, &c; and on the two following days pleasure. An hiring for servants is held on the Wednesday after old May Day. A great trade in corn, malt, and flour is carried on here. There are in and near the town, several corn mills; malt and lime kilns; brick and tile, and tan and fellmongers' yards; a coarse pottery; and manufactories of Paris-whiting, starch, rope, sail cloth, &c. Being at the northern termination of the Wolds, the country around Barton is fertile and picturesque; the hills abound in fine chalk-limestone, of which the best whiting is made; the lower grounds have excellent clay for bricks, tiles, and coarse earthen ware; and there is a fine stream of water flowing northward through the town to the Humber, diverted into a mill-race, and crossed in various places by bridges, mills, and ther buildings. Though it is now a modern appearance, Barton is a place of great antiquity, and was once surrounded by a rampart and fosse, traces of which are still seen in the Castle-Dikes, as the rivulet and mill-race are generally styled. It is mentioned in Domesday Book, as containing a church, a priest, two mills of 40s. value, a market, and a ferry of 4 value. At the Norman Conquest, it was a corporate town, with a mayor, aldermen, &c. ; and it was one of the principal ports on the Humber, till the foundation of Hull, in the reign of Edward I. For the invasion of France, it furnished Edward III, with three ships and 99 men. The manor, with part of the soil, belongs to the Crown, and is held on lease by Charles Uppleby, Esq., of Barrow; but the Barton's, of Stapleton; the Wray's of London; and the Tombleson, Marriott, Preston, and other resident families, have estates and neat mansions in the town; and there are in the two parishes many smaller freeholders and copyholders. A court leet is held half-yearly, for the cognisance of offences, committed in the manor; and a court baron, every three weeks, for the recovery of debts under 40s. A Court of Requests is also held monthly for the recovery of debts under 5, pursuant to an Act of the 47th of George III.; and petty-sessions are held every Thursday fortnight. There are two churches in the town, but the benefices are untied, and the two parishes support their poor conjointly, as one township. St. PETER'S is considered the mother church, and is a spacious fabric, chiefly in the decorated style of English architecture, with a tower, the lower part of which is Norman, and the upper part Saxon architecture. The body consists of a nave, with aisles, and a chancel. In the east window, are two figures in stained glass; one representing a pilgrim, and the other said to be an effigy of that famous warrior, Lord Beaumont, to whom Henry II. Granted the manor of Barton. There were several brasses on the floor, but all are gone except one, inscribed to Wm. Cannon, who died in 1401. St Mary's is a handsome structure of the fourteenth century, said to have been built by the merchants of Barton, as a chapel of ease. It has a nave, a chancel, side aisles, and tower. The north aisle is divided from the nave by one pointed, and five circular arches; the latter ornamented with zigzag mouldings and supported by round massive pillars. The Arches of the south side are pointed, and supported by alternate clustered pillars. In the chancel floor is a figure in brass, inscribed to Simon Seman, lord mayor of London, who died in 1433. From the mixed character of its architecture, this church is supposed to have been partly built out of the remains of some religious house, though there is no evidence to show that there was ever a monastery at Barton. The vicarage o St. Peter, with that of St. Mary Annexed to it, is valued in K.B. at 19 4s. 8d., and now at 390, and enjoyed by the Rev. Geo. Uppleby, B.A. Charles Uppleby,Esq., is patron, and also improprietor of the rectory, which was appropriated to Bardney Abbey, by Walter de Gaul in the reign of Henry I., but after the dissolution of that monastery it fell to the Crown, and was granted to lay-proprietors. At the enclosure of the parish, in 1792, 950 acres were allotted in lieu to the rectorial tithes to a late Mrs Uppleby, of Bardney Hall, a neat mansion on the rectorial estate, now occupied by the vicar. Allotments were also awarded at the enclosure in lieu of most of the vicarial tithes; and 7A. 2R. 16p. were allotted to the parish clerk, in lieu of lands said to have been given by an old lady, on condition that the clerk should ring one of the bells from seven to eight o'clock every evening, from the barley harvest to Shrovetide. Here is a Wesleyan Chapel, built in 1816, and enlarged in 1839; an Independent Chpel, erected in 1806; and a Primitive Methodist Chapel, erected in 1838, in lieu of a smaller building. The Free School, where 30 poor children are educated gratuitously, and about 70 others at a rate not exceeding 4d. each per week, is endowed with 27 per annum, arising from the charities of Long, Beck, and Fountain. In 1722, Wm. Long left 200, to be vested in land for the education of poor children of Barton. In 1728, Richard Beck bequethed to Barton the following yearly rent-charges out of the Barrow water mill: -viz., 2.2s., for schooling six poor children; 10s. 6d., to buy them books; and 1. 10s. for the sick and lame poor. He left similar rent-charges, out of the same mill, to Barrow and Winterton. Mrs, Magdalene George, in 1729, bequethed the said mill, and some adjoining land and tenements, for the purpose of providing grey clothes for the poor of Barton, but subject to the said rent-charges, amounting to 13. 8s. per annum. She also left 100, to be vested at interest, and the yearly proceeds to be distributed in coals. BARTON DIRECTORY. POST OFFICE, at Mr. Morley's, High street. Letters are despatched to London and the south, at 1/4, past 12 noon; to Hull and the north at 1/2 past 1 afternoon; and to Brigg, Lincoln, &c. at 1/4 p. 11 mg. Marked 1 are in Burngate; 2 in Fleetgate; 3 Greengate Hill; 4 High Street; 5, Rungate; 6, Market Place; 7, Market Lane; 8, Newport Street; 9, Preistgate; 10, Soutergate; 11, Waterside Road; 12, Whitecross street; 13, Barrow Road; 14, Butt's Lane; 15, Ferriby Road; 16, Finkle street; 17, Holydike; 18, South Parade; 19, Butchery; 20, Sheepdike. Ashton Wm.Esq., High street 4 Atkinson R. and J. land agents 2 Barley John, vessel owner Baynton Thos. gent. Hungate. Brass Mrs Eliz. & Sarah, High St Brice Thos. gent. Waterside Road 6 Brown David, collector of taxes Bygott John, gent, High street Bygott Mrs Mary, Whitecross street 11 Carlisle Joseph, master mariner 4 Clayton Thos. Temperance Hotel Cuthbert Mr John, Finkle Lane Doughty Mr Robert, Breck Hill 9 Egan Rev. James (Catholic) 2 Empringham Geo. relieving officer Fox Mrs Mary, Burgate 18 Freeman Daniel, vety. surgeon Gibson Mr Bryan, Whitecross st Goulthorpe John, carrier 4 Goy John, attorneys clerk Goy Mrs Sarah High st Hall Mr Robert, prospect place 11 Hamilton Edward, vessel owner Harrison Mr Thomas, Hungate 13 Hattersley John, sen. gent. Hedges Mr Wm. East Ackridge Hembrough John, coarse earrthernware manufacturer, Butt's lane 2 Hill John, vessel owner Holgate Mrs Isabella, Prospect pl Hudson Mrs Martha, High st 5 Ingram George, bankers clerk 12 Kitching, Mrs Modica Mackrill Mrs Mary, High street Makrill Wm. gent, South parade 18 Mapstone Rd. officer in excise Marriott Mrs, Barton Lodge 2 Meggitt Wm. livery stables 2 Miller Thomas, surveyor of taxes 11 Morris John, vessel owner 7 Newton John, glass, china, &c. dlr. 11 Oldridge Wm. vessel owner Olster Miss, gentwn. Fleetgate Palmer Mrs Ann, Whitecross st Preston John, Esq., Barton House Preston Mrs Sophia, Hungate 12 Rawson Wm. land surveyor, &c. Ruddeforth Mr Thomas, Fleetgate Rudston Geo. gent. Vicarage Scarborough Mr James, High st 5 Scurton Robert, livery stables Shaw Mr Robert, High st more to follow